Ancestorium Family Tree Collaboration

Sety I Pharaoh of Egypt


Personal Information    |    Notes    |    All

  • Name Sety I Pharaoh of Egypt 
    Born (1291 BC - 1278 BC) Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died UNKNOWN  1278 BC Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I062930  Ancestorium

    Father Ramesse I Pharaoh of Egypt,   d. UNKNOWN, (1293 BC - 1291 BC) Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother Sitre of Egypt,   d. UNKNOWN 
    Family ID F36679  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Thuya of Egypt,   d. UNKNOWN 
     1. Ramesse II (Ozymandias) Pharaoh of Egypt,   d. UNKNOWN, (1279 BC - 1212 BC) Find all individuals with events at this location
    Family ID F36678  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 

    • SETI I
      Kitchin argues - Seti's aim was to combine examples set by Thutmose II as a conqueror and Amenhotep III as a builder. Also that Seti's name is a combination of the throne names of Thutmose III and Amenhotep III.
      Seti embarked on a ambitious building program and military campaigns to demonstrate his legitimacy through his deeds. Seti tried to emulate Thutmose III in the battle field.
      Seti needed to legitimize his family to the throne and he did this by a spectacular building program
      He also restored names, titles and figures of gods that had been hacked out by Akhenaten
      EVIDENCE- reliefs restored by Seti show underlying traces of the earlier figures hacked out by Akhenaten.

      Military campaigns
      Seti's objective was to conquer Kadesh and Amurru by;
      gaining a firm hold of Palestine
      gaining control of the seaports on the Phoenician coast
      attacking central and northern Syria from the coast.
      He undertook this in the first six years of his reign
      He put down a Bedouion rebellion and erected a victory stela at Beth-Shan
      He also established control over the Phoenician coast. The next three years he extended control, and was ready to attach Amurru, Kadesh and face the Hittites.
      At home in Egypt, they were being threatened by the Libyans. Seti dealt with this and was able to return to the north.
      Year 5 of 6 he attacked Amurru and Kadesh, gaining control.
      Hittite king was not prepared and he signed a treaty, giving Egypt control over Palestine and the coast, to stop Egypt from attacking Hittites.
      At Nubia rock inscription show Seti ordered an attack on the nomadic Irem people who were planning raids in Year 8.
      Overall the results of Seti's military action were
      He showed his military ability
      He revived the warrior pharaoh image
      He secured Egypt's borders and regained much lost territory
      He made Egypt a powerful country once more]

      Building Program
      Buildings were extensive and high quality, dedicated to different gods.
      He attempted to legitimize the rule of the new Ramesside dynasty
      He attempted to get his name "recognized" through use of "renewal text" and buildings early in his reign
      Shows piety/dedication to the gods. particular shown by the unusual bowing position of the pharaoh in relation to the gods
      He usurped buildings of previous pharaohs by replacing their names with his.
      Built at Karnak in an attempt to legitimize reign by building in the place where past pharaohs built on an even grander scale
      Building program was beneficial to all the gods in an attempt to preserve maat.
      Seti's building program included;
      a white limestone temple at Abydos
      columned hypostyle hall at karnak
      summer palace at Avaris
      a mortuary temple and tomb at Western Thebes
      Embarking on such a large building program required large supplies of gold and stone. Seti sent expeditions to locate these materials.
      It appears Seti took personal interest in the conditions of his workers
      EVIDENCE - quarry inscription records how Seti increased the rations of quarrymen to allow the work to be easier. He also ordered a new well, as they were working in hot conditions.
      Seti may have taken an interest as he came from non royal background.
      Seti was assisted in his building by Vizier Nebamun, Paser (vizier of the south) and Amen-em-ope ( viceroy of Nubia)
      Temple of Osiris at Abydos
      Abydos was a holy site associated with Osiris, it was L shaped, rather than rectangular, it was made of white limestone, it has 7 chapels behind columned hall, had beautiful reliefs of Seti offering to the gods and reliefs of the legend of Osiris.
      Seti also wrote an edict to ensure the temple and its estates continued undisturbed. This Temple was finished by Rameses II
      Mortuary Temple and Tomb at Western Thebes
      This temple was built of white sandstone with cedar doors. His tomb was extremely long and beautifully decorated with quality raised reliefs
      Building in lower Egypt
      a summer palace at Thebes
      added to Temple of Ptah
      Added to temple of Re

      Seti's Death
      Died at age 50
      Egypt was prosperous
      Well administered
      Had reestablished its empire
      Had buildings to rival even Amenhotep 's best
      The new dynasty had therefore started positively and the pharaoh had reestablished his superhuman image.
      Seti's reign was highly successful and through his vast building program he secured his legitimacy and that of a dynasty, Ramesses II was the beneficiary of his fathers legacy.