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Geoffrey FitzPiers, 4th Earl of Essex

Male - 1213

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  • Name Geoffrey FitzPiers 
    Suffix 4th Earl of Essex 
    Gender Male 
    Died 14 Oct 1213 
    Person ID I006178  Ancestorium

    Father Piers de Lutegareshale,   d. UNKNOWN 
    Mother Maud de Mandeville,   d. UNKNOWN 
    Family ID F05249  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Beatrice de Say,   d. Bef 19 Apr 1197 
    Married Bef 25 Jan 1184 
     1. Maud de Mandeville, Countess of Essex,   d. 27 Aug 1236
     2. Henry de Mandeville, Dean of Wolverhampton,   d. UNKNOWN
     3. Geoffrey de Mandeville, 4th Earl of Essex,   d. 12 May 1243
    Family ID F05248  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Aveline de Clare, of Hertford,   d. Bef 4 Jun 1225 
    Married Bef 29 May 1205 
     1. John FitzGeoffery, Justiciar of Ireland,   d. 23 Nov 1258
     2. Cecily fitz Geoffrey,   d. UNKNOWN
     3. Hawise of Steatley FitzGeoffery,   d. UNKNOWN
    Family ID F05247  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 

    • Geoffrey fitz Piers, 3rd Earl of Essex1
      M, #4615, b. before 1170, d. 14 October 1213
      Last Edited=5 Oct 2017

      Geoffrey fitz Piers, 3rd Earl of Essex was born before 1170. He was the son of Piers de Lutegareshale and Maud de Mandeville.2 He married, firstly, Beatrice de Say, daughter of William de Say and unknown wife (?), on 25 January 1184/85.3 He married, secondly, Aveline de Clare, daughter of Roger de Clare, 2nd Earl of Hertford, before 29 May 1205. He died on 14 October 1213.1
      He gained the title of 3rd Earl of Essex in 1199.
      Child of Geoffrey fitz Piers, 3rd Earl of Essex
      1.Matilda fitz Geoffrey+4 d. 1236
      Child of Geoffrey fitz Piers, 3rd Earl of Essex and Beatrice de Say
      1.Geoffrey de Mandeville, 4th Earl of Essex1 d. 23 Feb 1216
      Children of Geoffrey fitz Piers, 3rd Earl of Essex and Aveline de Clare
      1.John fitz Geoffrey, Lord of Shere+ d. 23 Nov 1258
      2.Cecily fitz Geoffrey+5
      1.[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume V, page 125. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
      2.[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume V, page 122.
      3.[S37] BP2003 volume 3, page 3531. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
      4.[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 195. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Families.
      5.[S443] Rootsweb, online unknown url.


      Geoffrey Fitz Peter, 1st Earl of Essex
      From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

      Geoffrey Fitz Peter
      Chief Justiciar of England
      In office July 11, 1198 – October 14, 1213
      Monarch Richard I
      Justiciar of England
      In office 1189 – July 11, 1198
      Monarch Richard I
      sheriff of Northamptonshire
      In office 1184 – 1189
      Monarch Henry II
      Born c 1162
      Died October 14, 1213

      Spouse (1) Beatrice de Say
      (2) Aveline de Clare
      Children Geoffrey de Mandeville
      William de Mandeville
      Maud Fitzgeoffrey
      John Fitzgeoffrey
      Cecily Fitzgeoffrey
      Hawise Fitzgeoffrey
      Occupation Earl of Essex
      Profession Noble
      Geoffrey Fitz Peter, Earl of Essex, (Piers de Lutegareshale), (c. 1162 – 1213), was a prominent member of the government of England during the reigns of Richard I and John. The patronymic is sometimes rendered Fitz Piers.

      1 Life
      2 Marriage and issue
      2.1 Spouses
      2.2 Children of Beatrice
      2.3 Children of Aveline
      3 Notes
      4 References
      5 External links

      He was from a modest landowning family that had a tradition of service in mid-ranking posts under Henry II. Geoffrey's elder brother Simon was at various times sheriff of Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, and Bedfordshire. Geoffrey, too, got his start in this way, as sheriff of Northamptonshire for the last five years of Henry II's reign.

      Around this time Geoffrey married Beatrice de Say, daughter and eventual co-heiress of William de Say II. This William was the son of William de Say I and Beatrice, sister of Geoffrey de Mandeville, 1st Earl of Essex. This connection with the Mandeville family was later to prove unexpectedly important. In 1184 Geoffrey's father-in-law died, and he received a share of the de Say inheritance by right of his wife, co-heiress to her father. He also eventually gained the title of earl of Essex by right of his wife, becoming the 4th earl.

      When Richard I left on crusade, he appointed Geoffrey one of the five judges of the king's court, and thus a principal advisor to Hugh de Puiset, Bishop of Durham, who, as Chief Justiciar, was one of the regents during the king's absence. Late in 1189, Geoffrey's wife's cousin William de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex died, leaving no direct heirs. His wife's inheritance was disputed between Geoffrey and his in-laws, but Geoffrey used his political influence to eventually obtain the Mandeville lands (but not the earldom, which was left open) for himself.

      On July 11, 1198, King Richard appointed Geoffrey Chief Justiciar, which at that time effectively made him the king's principal minister. He continued in this capacity after the accession of king John until his death on October 14, 1213.[1] On his coronation day the new king also recognized Geoffrey as Earl of Essex.

      Marriage and issue
      m1. Beatrice de Say, daughter of William de Say[2].
      m2. Aveline, daughter of Roger de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford, Earl of Hertford.

      Children of Beatrice
      Note that his sons by this marriage took the de Mandeville surname.

      Geoffrey de Mandeville, 2nd Earl of Essex.
      William FitzGeoffrey de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex.
      Henry, Dean of Wolverhampton.
      Maud Fitzgeoffrey, who married Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford.

      Children of Aveline
      John Fitzgeoffrey, Lord of Shere and Justiciar of Ireland.
      Cecily Fitzgeoffrey.
      Hawise Fitzgeoffrey.
      Geoffrey's first two sons died without issue. Apparently the earldom was associated with their mother's Mandeville heritage, for the earldom was inherited by the husband of their sister Maud, instead of their half-brother John.

      ^ Powicke Handbook of British Chronology p. 70

      Powicke, F. Maurice and E. B. Fryde Handbook of British Chronology 2nd. ed. London:Royal Historical Society 1961