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Archibald Campbell, 7th Earl of Argyll

Male - Bef 1638

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  • Name Archibald Campbell 
    Suffix 7th Earl of Argyll 
    Gender Male 
    Died Bef Nov 1638 
    Person ID I003570  Ancestorium

    Father Colin (Sir) Campbell, 6th Earl of Argyll,   d. 10 Sep 1584, Tarnoway, Murray Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother Agness (Anne) Keith,   d. 16 Jul 1588 
    Family ID F03154  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Agnes Douglas, of Morton,   b. 1574,   d. 3 May 1607  (Age 33 years) 
    Married 24 Jul 1592 
     1. Archibald Campbell, 1st Marquess of Argyll,   b. 1597,   d. 27 May 1661, Beheaded by the "maiden" at the market cross, Edinburgh Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 64 years)
     2. Jane\Jean Campbell, of Argyll,   d. Abt 1675
     3. Anabella Campbell, of Argyll,   d. 1652, Antwerp Find all individuals with events at this location
     4. Anne Campbell, of Argyll,   d. 14 Jun 1638
    +5. Mary Campbell, of Argyll
    Last Modified 23 Jun 2022 
    Family ID F03150  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Anne Cornwallis, of Brome,   d. 12 Jan 1635 
    Married 30 Nov 1610 
     1. James Campbell, Lord of Kintyre,   d. 1646, dsp Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Mary Campbell, of Argyll,   b. Abt 1622,   d. Bef 12 Jun 1669  (Age ~ 47 years)
    Family ID F03153  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Archibald Campbell, 7th Earl of Argyll
      From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

      Archibald Campbell, 7th Earl of Argyll (c. 1575 – 1638) was a Scottish politician and military leader. He was the son of Colin Campbell, 6th Earl of Argyll, and converted to Roman Catholicism. In 1619, he surrendered his estates to his son, Archibald Campbell.

      Archibald Campbell, 7th Earl of Argyll1
      M, #16671, b. 1575, d. between 9 October 1638 and 29 November 1638
      Last Edited=15 Jul 2018
      Consanguinity Index=0.77%

      Archibald Campbell, 7th Earl of Argyll 2
      Archibald Campbell, 7th Earl of Argyll was born in 1575.1 He was the son of Colin Campbell, 6th Earl of Argyll and Lady Anne Keith.3 He married, firstly, Lady Agnes Douglas, daughter of William Douglas, 6th Earl of Morton and Lady Agnes Leslie, on 24 July 1592.4 He married, secondly, Anne Cornwallis, daughter of Sir William Cornwallis and Lucy Neville, on 30 November 1610 at St. Botolph's, Bishopsgate, London, EnglandG.5 He died between 9 October 1638 and 29 November 1638 at London, EnglandG.5 His will was proven (by probate) on 29 November 1638.5
      He succeeded as the 8th Lord Campbell [S., 1445] on 10 September 1584.1 He succeeded as the 7th Earl of Argyll [S., 1457] on 10 September 1584.1 He succeeded as the 7th Lord Lorne [S., 1470] on 10 September 1584.1 He fought in the Battle of Glenlivat on 3 October 1594, where he was completely defeated by the Catholic Lords, Huntly and Erroll.5 He held the office of Justice-General [Scotland].3 In 1617 after expelling the Macdonalds of Kintyre, he received a grant of the whole of that Lordship and the island of Jura.4 In 1618 he served under Philip III of Spain against Holland.4 In 1618 he became a Roman Catholic.4 On 16 February 1618/19 at Market Cross, Edinburgh, Midlothian, ScotlandG, he was declared a rebel and traitor.4 On 22 November 1621 his sentence was reversed.4 His last will was dated 9 October 1638. He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of National Biography.6

      Children of Archibald Campbell, 7th Earl of Argyll and Lady Agnes Douglas
      Lady Annabella Campbell+7 d. 1652
      Lady Mary Campbell+
      Lady Anne Campbell+8 b. 1594, d. 14 Jun 1638
      Archibald Campbell, 1st Marquess of Argyll+5 b. bt Aug 1605 - Apr 1607, d. 27 May 1661

      Children of Archibald Campbell, 7th Earl of Argyll and Anne Cornwallis
      Lady Jane Campbell9
      James Campbell, 1st Earl of Irvine d. Sep 1645
      Lady Mary Campbell+3 b. c 1622

      [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 201. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
      [S3409] Caroline Maubois, "re: Penancoet Family," e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 2 December 2008. Hereinafter cited as "re: Penancoet Family."
      [S8] BP1999 volume 1, page 104. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S8]
      [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume I, page 202.
      [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume I, page 203.
      [S18] Matthew H.C.G., editor, Dictionary of National Biography on CD-ROM (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1995), Campbell, Archibald. Hereinafter cited as Dictionary of National Biography.
      [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume VIII, page 146.
      [S37] BP2003 volume 2, page 2012. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
      [S37] BP2003. [S37]

      Archibald Gruamach "the Grim" Campbell, 7th Earl of Argyll
      Male 1575 - Bef 1638 (63 years)
      Name Archibald Gruamach "the Grim" Campbell [1, 2]
      Suffix 7th Earl of Argyll
      Nickname the Grim
      Born 1575 [1]
      Gender Male
      Name Archibald Campbell [3]
      Name the Grim
      Died Bef 29 Nov 1638 [4]
      Person ID I6901 Clan current

      Father Colin Campbell, 6th Earl of Argyll, b. Bef 1546, d. 10 Sep 1584 (Age ~ 38 years)
      Mother Anne Keith, b. 14 Jul 1530, d. 16 Jul 1588 (Age 58 years)
      Married 1572 [1]
      Family ID F4054 Group Sheet | Family Chart

      Family 1 Agnes Douglas, b. Abt 1574, d. 3 May 1607 (Age ~ 33 years)
      Married 24 Oct 1592 [1]
      + 1. Annabella Campbell, d. 1652
      + 2. Jean Campbell, d. Feb 1675
      + 3. Mary Campbell, d. Yes, date unknown
      + 4. Anne Campbell, b. 1594, d. 14 Jun 1638 (Age 44 years)
      + 5. Elizabeth Campbell, b. 1600, Argyllshire, Scotland , d. Yes, date unknown
      + 6. Archibald Campbell, 8th Earl & 1st Marquess of Argyll, b. 1607, d. 27 May 1661, Market Cross, Edinburgh, Scotland (Age 54 years)
      Family ID F11271 Group Sheet | Family Chart

      Family 2 Anne Cornwallis, b. Abt 1590, Brome, Suffolk, England , d. 12 Jan 1635, Drury Lane, London, Middlesex, England (Age ~ 45 years)
      Alt. Marriage 30 Nov 1609 St. Botolph's Church, Bishopsgate, London, Middlesex, England [5]
      Married 30 Nov 1610 [1]
      1. Barbara Campbell, d. Yes, date unknown
      2. Victoria Campbell, d. Yes, date unknown
      3. James Campbell, Lord Kintyre, Earl of Irvine, b. 1611, d. 16 Mar 1646, Dsp - Died Without Children. (Age 35 years)
      4. Isabella Campbell, b. 1614, d. 1694 (Age 80 years)
      5. Henry Campbell, b. 1615, d. 1636 (Age 21 years)
      6. Charles Campbell, b. 1615, d. Infant
      7. Anne Campbell, b. 1619, d. Yes, date unknown
      + 8. Mary Campbell, b. Abt 1622, Brussels, Brabant, Belgium d. Yes, date unknown
      Family ID F12043 Group Sheet | Family Chart

      Archibald, 7th Earl of Argyll Archibald, 7th Earl of Argyll
      in the collection at Inveraray Castle

      1 - In 1589 the Catholic earls of the north, Huntly, Errol, and Angus plotted with Philip II of Spain to land troops in Scotland with a view to invading England, which never eventuated after King James was made aware of the correspondance by Queen Elizabeth I. In 1593 after yet further plots by Huntly and Errol were revealed, they were told they must renounce Roman Catholicism or forfeit their estates. Ignoring either alternative they remained in the north. In 1594 they enforced the release of a Papal agent in Aberdeen and finally, incensed beyond measure, James began to raise an army to march against them.
      Before the King could take action the Earl of Argyll advanced to attack Huntly and Errol with Maclean and his men from the Western Isles as well as a strong force of Campbells, making altogether some 7,000 men. In his own stronghold Huntly was quickly able to raise 1,000 Gordons and some 300 horsemen under the Earl of Errol. At the ensuing battle of Glenlivet in 1594 with the decisive aid of a battery of six cannons, Huntly resoundingly defeated the attackers. Argyll was forced to leave several hundred dead on the field, but when faced by an army led by James shortly afterwards the earls abjectly surrendered.

      2 - Oct 28
      On this day are entered in the records of the Privy Council two complaints which illustrate in a remarkable manner the state of society at that time. First, James Lord Ogilvie of Airly, ancestor of the Earls of Airly, complains that, while he was living quietly in the protection of the law, and dreading harm from no man, the Earl of Argyle, without any provocation from him, hounded out a set of broken Highlandmen to the number of about five hundred, to attack him, and spoil his lands. He had ‘retired in sober and quiet manner, to dwell and make his residence in Glen Isla,’ when, on the 21st of August, they entered the district under silence of night, ‘with sic force and violence, that the said lord, lying far from his friends, was not able to resist them, but with great difficulty and short advertisement, he, his wife and bairns, escaped.’ The invading party are described as having slain all the people they could lay their hands on, eighteen or twenty in number; besides, they ‘spulyit and away-took ane grit number of nolt, sheep, and plenishing [furniture], to the utter wreck and undoing of the haill poor inhabitants of the country.’ Having at the command of the king retired, they still hovered on the neighbouring hills, and some weeks after made a new attack upon Glen Isla as well as Glen Clova, slaying three or four persons, and taking away much spoil; ‘sae that the poor men dwelling in Glen Clova, Glen Isla, and other parts adjacent to the Month, wha are not able to make resistance, are sae oppressed by the broken men and sorners hounded out by the Earl of Argyle and his friends, and maintainit and reset by them, that neither by his majesty’s protection, nor assurance of the party, can their lives and gudes be in surety.’
      This seems very mysterious, till we read the second entry, which is a complaint that, on the 16th of August bypast (five days previous to the above incident), Leighton of Usan and sundry of the Ogilvies, to the number of about threescore persons, had, at the instigation of Lord Ogilvie, gone with jacks, spears, harquebuses, and other weapons, and attacked Robert Campbell in Millhorn, William of Soutarhouse, Thomas Campbell of Keithock, and John Campbell of Muirton, whom they had mercilessly slain. How this outrage had been provoked, does not appear; but there can be no doubt that the invasion of Lord Ogilvie’s privacy in Glen Isla was a consequence of this earlier and similar incident.

      3 - 1593
      Amongst the complications of the affair between Huntly and Moray in February 1592, there were mingled the details of a plot in which Huntly and the Chancellor Maitland were connected with three chieftains of the clan Campbell—Ardkinlas, Lochnell, and Glenurchy—against the life of John Campbell of Calder, who was obnoxious to the latter persons on account of his supreme influence in the affairs of the minor Earl of Argyle. By the exertions of Ardkinlas, a man called MacEllar was procured to undertake the assassination of Calder: and in the same month which saw the tragedy at Dunnibrissle, this wretched man shot Calder with three bullets, through a window, as the victim sat unsuspecting of danger in the house of Knepoch in Lorn.
      The youthful earl having threatened vengeance against Ardkinlas, the latter seems to have lost heart; and being extremely desirous of recovering his young chief’s regard, he seriously made an endeavour to that effect by means of witchcraft, and was much disappointed when that resource failed him. He subsequently tried to accomplish his purpose by revealing what he knew of another plot in which the same parties were concerned against the earl’s life. This, however, is aside from our present subject. It may be sufficient to remark that MacEllar and a higher agent in the a person of John Oig Campbell of Cabrachan, a brother of Lochnell, were taken and executed for Calder’s death; but owing to various causes, among which the complicity and friendship of Maitland was probably the chief, Ardkinlas continued for a considerable time to keep out of the grasp of the law.
      The next notice we have of affairs connected with the Campbell conspiracies is a curious, though obscure one, regarding what was in the language of that time called a Day of Law, held in Edinburgh on the 19th of June (the king’s birthday) 1593. There appeared as seekers of justice for Calder’s slaughter, the Earl of Argyle (seventeen years of age), the sheriff of Ayr, the Earl of Morton, and some others; as defenders in that cause, Ardkinlas, Glenurchy, and others. The Chancellor Maitland, whose concern was suspected, but did not become clear till our own time, had his friends assembled also—namely, the Earls of Montrose, Eglintoun, and Glencairn, and Lord Livingstone, ‘who all accompanied Lord Hamilton on the streets.’ Against them were mustered the Duke of Lennox, the Earl of Mar, Lord Home, and some others, who, favoured with the countenance of the queen, talked of bringing in Lord Quondam against the chancellor: by this name they indicated Captain James Stuart, long sunk out of credit and means, but still eager to take any desperate means of recovering his place. ‘To this goodly company it was expected that Lord Maxwell and the Laird of Cessford would soon be added. The affair seemed so threatening, that the king was seriously alarmed, and commanded all to keep their lodgings; after which he ‘dealt with the chancellor to entreat them to depart in peace.’ Such was a day of law in the reign of gentle King James.
      It was not till September 1596 that Ardkinlas underwent a trial for the slaughter of the Laird of Calder. The matter having doubtless been arranged beforehand, no pursuers appeared, and he was set at liberty.

      4 - Oct 2
      Campbell of Ardkinlas, set on by the Earl of Argyle, exerted himself to capture Macgregor of Glenstrae, who for some months had been under ban of the government on account of the slaughterous conflict of Glenfruin. He called Macgregor to a banquet in his house, which stands within a loch, and there made no scruple to lay hold of the unfortunate chieftain. Being immediately after put into a boat, under a guard of five men, to be conducted to the Earl of Argyle, Macgregor contrived to get his hands loose, struck down the guardsman nearest him, and leaping into the water, swam to land unharmed.
      Some time after, the Earl of Argyle sent a message to Macgregor, desiring him to come and confer with him, under promise to let him go free if they should not come to an agreement. ‘Upon the whilk, the Laird Macgregor came to him, and at his coming was weel received by the earl, wha shew him that he was commanded by the king to bring him in, but he had no doubt but his majesty wald, at his request, pardon his offence, and he should with all diligence send twa gentlemen to England with him.... Upon the whilk fair promises, he was content, and came with the Earl of Argyle to Edinburgh’ (January 9, 1604), ‘with eighteen mae of his friends.’
      The sad remainder of the transaction is narrated by the diarist Birrel, with a slight difference of statement as to the agreement on which the surrender bad taken place. Macgregor ‘was convoyit to Berwiek by the guard, conform to the earl’s promise; for he promised to put him out of Scots grund. Sae he keepit ane Hieland-man’s promise, in respect he sent the guard to convoy him out of Scots grund; but they were not directed ‘to part with him, but to fetch him back again. The 18 of January, he came at even again to Edinburgh, and upon the 20 day, he was hangit at the Cross, and eleven mae of his friends and name, upon ane gallows; himself being chief, he was hangit his awn height above the rest of his friends?
      A confession of Macgregor has been printed by Mr Pitcairn. It might rather be called a justification, the whole blame being thrown upon Argyle, whose crafty policy it fully exposes. It is alleged that, after instigating Ardkinlas to take Macgregor, the earl endeavoured to induce Macgregor to undertake the murder of Ardkinlas, besides that of the Laird of Ardencaple. ‘I never granted thereto, through the whilk he did envy me greatumly’ [that is, bore me a great grudge]. His whole object, Macgregor says, was ‘to put down innocent men, to cause poor bairns and infants beg, and poor women to perish for hunger, when they are herried of their geir.’

      5 - 7th Earl, son of Colin, 6th Earl, In 1594, although then only eighteen, he was appointed king's lieutenant against the popish Earls of Huntly and Errol, who had raised a rebellion. In 1599, when measures were in progress for bringing the chiefs of the Isles under subjection to the king, the Earl of Argyll and his kinsman, John Campbell of Calder, were accused of having secretly used their influences to prevent Sir James Macdonald of Dunyveg and his clan from being reconciled to the government. He reduced the MacGregors, who were already under the ban of law, under their Chief Alasdair Macgregor of Glenstrae in 1603. The latter had made an irruption into the Lennox, and after defeating the Colquhouns and their adherents at Glenfruin, with great slaughter, plundered and ravaged the whole district, and threatened to burn the town of Dumbarton. Archibald had long before become the king's lieutenant in the "bounds of the clan Gregor", and he was answerable for all their excesses. It is said that instead of controlling them he to stirred them up to acts of violence and aggression against his own personal enemies, of whom the chief of the Colquhouns was one thus preparing the destruction of both clans. However, this may be, the execution of the severe statutes which were passed against the Macgregors after the conflict at Glenfruin, was intrusted to the Earls of Argyll and Athole, and their chief, with some of his principle followers, was enticed by Argyll to surrender to him, on condition that they would be allowed to leave the country. Argyll received them kindly, and assured them that though he was commanded by the king to apprehend them, he had little doubt he would be able to procure a pardon, and, in the meantime, he would send them to England under an escort, which would convey them off Scottish ground. It was Macgregor's intention, if taken to London, to procure if possible and interview with the king but Argyll prevented this; yet, that he might fulfil his promise, he sent them under a strong guard beyond the Tweed at Berwick, and instantly compelled them to retrace their steps to Edinburgh, where they were executed 18th January 1604. How far there may have been deceit used in this matter, - whether, according to Birrel, Argyll "keipit ane Hielandman's promise; in respect he sent the gaird to convey him out of Scottis grund, but thai were not directit to pairt with him, but to fetch him bak agane"; or whether their return was by orders from the king, cannot at the present time be ascertained.
      In 1607 Archibald was granted the Crown tenancy of Kintyre forfeited by the MacDonalds. He also received Jura and at once set about hunting down and evicting any MacDonalds still remaining there. He forced Sir James MacDonald of Islay to surrender to the Crown in 1614. In 1616 his younger son became Lord of Kintyre. The frequent insurrections which occurred in the South Isles in the first fifteen years of the seventeenth century have also been imputed by Mr Gregory to Argyll and the Campbells, for their own purposes. The proceedings of these clans were so violent and illegal, that the king became highly incensed against Clan Donald, and finding, or supposing he had a right to dispose of their possessions both in Kintyre and Isla, he made a grant of them to the Earl of Argyll and the Campbells. This gave rise to a number of bloody conflicts between the Campbells and the Clan Donald, in the years 1614, 1615, and 1616, which ended in the ruin of the latter, and for the details of which, and the intrigues and proceedings of the Earl of Argyll to possess himself of the lands of that clan.
      He m1. a lady, to whom Sir William Alexander, afterwards Earl of Stirling, inscribed his "Aurora" in 1604, after her death
      m2. Anne, daughter of Sir William Cornwall of Brome, ancestor of the Marquis Cornwallis. This lady was a Catholic, and although the earl was a warm and zealous Protestant when he married her, she gradually drew him over to profess the same faith as herself. After the year 1615, as Gregory remarks, his personal history presents a striking instance of the mutability of human affairs. In that year, being deep in debt, he went to England; but as he was the only chief that could keep the MacDonalds in order, the Privy Council wrote to the king urging him to send him home; and in his expedition against the Clan Donald he was accompanied by his son, Lord Lorn. In 1618, on pretence of going to the Spa for the benefit of his health, he received from the king permission to go abroad; and the news soon arrived that the earl, instead of going to the Spa, had gone to Spain; that he had there made open defection from the Protestant religion, and that he had entered into very suspicious dealings with the banished rebels, Sir John Macdonald and Alister MacRanald of Keppoch, who had taken refuge in that country. On the 16th of February he was openly declared rebel and traitor, at the market cross of Edinburgh, and remained under this ban until the 22nd November 1621, when he was declared the king's free liege. Nevertheless, he did not venture to return to Britain during the reign of James VI and died soon after his arrival in London, 1638 aged 62. From the time of his leaving Scotland, he never exercised any influence over his great estates; the fee of which had, indeed, been previously conveyed by him to his eldest son, Archibald, Lord Lorn, afterwards, eighth Earl of Argyll. By his first wife he had, besides this son, four daughters. By his second wife, the earl had a son and a daughter, viz, James, Earl of Irvine, and Lady Mary, married to James, second Lord Rollo. [6, 7, 8, 9]

      [S6] Stirnet Genealogy, Peter Barns-Graham, Campbell02: The Scots Peerage (Argyll), Burkes Peerage 19 3 4 (Argyll) (Reliability: 3).

      [S6] Stirnet Genealogy, Peter Barns-Graham, Montgomery06: source - 'The Complete Baronetage' by Geor g e Edward Cockayne (Reliability: 3).

      [S6] Stirnet Genealogy, Peter Barns-Graham, Gordon02 (Reliability: 3).

      [S6] Stirnet Genealogy, Peter Barns-Graham, v (Reliability: 3).

      [S5] International Genealogical Index - submitted, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, Submission Search: 570414-093099155422 LDS Medieval Famil i es Unit (Reliability: 3).

      [S479] Making of the Highlands, Michael Brander, (published 1980 by Guild Publishing Printed and bound in Gt Britian by Morrison & Gibb Ltd, London and Edinburgh.), p55 (Reliability: 3).

      [S87] Domestic Annals of Scotland, Robert Chalmers, (1874, 3 - h 8b.htm (Reliability: 3).

      [S87] Domestic Annals of Scotland, Robert Chalmers, (1874, 2 - h 8a.htm (Reliability: 3).

      [S87] Domestic Annals of Scotland, Robert Chalmers, (1874, 4 - h 9a.htm (Reliability: 3).